FOR THE RECORD: Swim Champion of New South Wales: (100yd freestyle); Set
many records in distance swimming in rivers of Australia and Europe; became
professional high diver and stunt swimming artiste (fore-runner to synchronized
swimming); Starred in motion pictures as a "moving picture mermaid".
Annette Kellerman did more to popularize swimming (especially for women) than
any other person in the early years. A childhood cripple, she swam her way
out of steel braces and into good health. "Only a cripple can understand
the intense joy that I experienced when little by little I found that my legs
were growing stronger and taking on the normal shape and powers with which the
legs of other youngsters were endowed."
"But for swimming, I might have been hobbling about on crutches today (1918)
instead of skating, dancing, and indulging in 25 mile constitutionals in
addition to making my regular livelihood as a moving picture mermaid, or
flirting with 'Toto, the funny fish,' through the walls of the glass tank at the
New York Hippodrome."
Annette Kellerman starred in motion pictures such as the "Diving Venus",
"Queen of the Mermaids", "A Daughter of the Gods", and "Neptune's Daughter."
She crisscrossed the U.S. and circled the world in the famed "Annette Kellerman
black one-piece suit" which made swimming attractive to men and liberated for
women. She performed stunts and dives which mad her first among the
fore-runners to synchronized swimming and women's high diving.
She won her first title as Swim Champion of New South Wales (100 yds. in
1:18) then set a women's world record for the mile with 32:29, a time which she
subsequently lowered to 28 minutes. Her first distance swim was 10 miles
in Australia's Yarrow River. She set records in the Yarrow at 2 1/2 miles
(46 min.) and 5 miles (downriver) at an average of 21 minutes a mile. Her
first public diving display was from the 50-ft. high board at Cavills Bath in
Sydney. She began her pro-career giving two shows a day in the 60 ft.
glass tank with fish at the Melbourne Exhibition Aquarium.
Miss Kellerman went next to England for "more people, more theaters and more
money to be earned by professional swimmers." To attract attention, she
swam through London along the Thames from Putney Bridge to Blackwall in 3 1/2
hours with huge crowds watching from the banks. In preparing to be the
first woman to swim the English Channel (no one had made it since the one and
only crossing by Capt. Matthew Webb, over 30 years before), Kellerman swam daily
from town to town along the English Coast -- 4 1/2 miles Dover to St. Margaret's
Bay, 11 miles Dover to Deal, 11 miles Deal to Ramsgate, 10 miles Ramsgate to
Margate and finally 24 miles Dover to Ramsgate. Annette Kellerman's
Channel swims never quite made it, but her 10 1/2 hours, three quarters of the
way across was a women's record that held many years. On her first Channel
attempt she was violently seasick and lasted 6 3/4 hours. Among the seven
on this attempt was Burgess, who later became the second ever to make the
Channel, 36 years after Capt. Webb's famous swim.
After her ill-fated Channel swims, Annette Kellerman tried and won a 7 mile
"Seine Swim through Paris" beating 16 men as she and Burgess tied. This
swim drew half a million spectators, the largest live audience ever to see a
swim race. Annette challenged and beat Baroness Isa Cescu, the best known
Austrian swimmer in a 22 mile Danube River Race from Tuln to Vienna.
Having conquered all the swimmers and most of the rivers of Australia and
Europe, Annette came to the U.S. where she specialized in water feats as a high
diving and stunt swimming artiste. After long runs in Chicago and Boston,
she was signed by the Keith Circuit doing her "first time ever" diving act on
stage every day for 2 years (14 shows a week). When imitators threatened
her $1,250 a week contract, Annette moved on to Hollywood, where her first
movie, "Neptune's Daughter", cost $35,000 to make and grossed $1,000,000.
In each of her succeeding movies the public expected new stunts. After 5
movies, Annette returned to the New York Hippodrome with "the biggest mermaid
spectacle ever seen live or on the stage." Forty years later Annette
Kellerman was back in the film-- when her life was portrayed by Esther Williams.